The Arizona House of Representatives passed legislation to reform the app store ecosystem on Wednesday, potentially giving apps a way to avoid the fees Apple and Google currently charge.
The bill would allow app developers to use third-party payment systems to circumvent the 15% to 30% cut that Apple and Google take from app sales. It's been the subject of an aggressive lobbying push in Arizona from Apple and Google in recent weeks, and Democrats emerged as the major opponents of the bill. During a floor debate on Wednesday, a group of Arizona Democratic representatives argued that the legislation would force Apple to change its business model and raised questions around whether Arizona should weigh in on the national debate.
The politics around the Arizona bill are the reverse of national politics around antitrust, with Arizona Democrats standing behind a tech giant while Arizona Republicans move forward with the legislation. The bill, HB2005, is being pushed across the country by the Coalition for App Fairness, which represents small-to medium-sized developers including Epic Games, Spotify and Tile.
The bill will go to the Republican-majority Arizona Senate next. Similar legislation is up for debate in Minnesota, Hawaii, Massachusetts and several other states.