A European Union court on Wednesday upheld a €2.4 billion ($2.77 billion) fine levied on Google in 2017 by the bloc's competition authority for the search giant's treatment of rival comparison shopping services.
"The General Court finds that, by favouring its own comparison shopping service on its general results pages through more favourable display and positioning, while relegating the results from competing comparison services in those pages by means of ranking algorithms, Google departed from competition on the merits," said the court's decision, which rejected most of Google's appeal.
Margrethe Vestager, who is now the European Commission's executive vice president, oversaw the case that led to the fine. It was one of at least three major actions by European regulators against Google, leading to total fines of more than €8 billion ($9.2 billion) between 2017 and 2019. Future potential cases against Google may also now gain momentum with the court's approval in the shopping-comparison case.
A Google spokeswoman said the company was reviewing whether to appeal the court's decision and said its compliance with the prior order "has worked successfully for more than three years."