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Protocol | China

Comparing Biden and Trump's banned Chinese company lists

Protocol breaks down everything that's changed in the new executive order targeting Chinese military-linked companies.

Joe Biden

Joe Biden

Image: Getty Images North America

When President Joe Biden released his own version of an investment ban on Chinese defense and surveillance companies on Thursday, he didn't just raise the total number of companies from 48 to 59. In fact, his administration made significant changes to the list first assembled under former President Donald Trump. Protocol | China has analyzed the discrepancy between the lists before and after the June 3 Executive Order.

Of the 29 companies that didn't appear in the old list, at least 14 are aviation and aerospace firms with clear ties to the Chinese military. These include several affiliates of Aviation Industry Corporation of China, a defense aircraft manufacturer. The new list also adds Proven Glory Capital and Proven Honour Capital, two financing arms of Huawei that have sold bonds to international investors, according to the South China Morning Post.

The Biden administration also removed 18 companies from the list, most of which seem to have a less clear tie with the defense sector. These include the state-owned Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, which makes civil aircraft, and China Three Gorges Corporation, which builds hydroelectric power plants.

Between the two lists, 30 companies are identical, including the most high-profile ones like telecom infrastructure giant Huawei, surveillance equipment maker Hikvision, and SMIC, the center of China's semiconductor ambitions.

The new executive order also referred to the companies as "Chinese Military-Industrial Complex Companies," as opposed to "Communist Chinese Military Companies" under the old administration.

Here's a table of the list before and after the June 3 Executive Order:

Old listNew list
Advanced Micro-Fabrication Equipment Inc. (AMEC)
Aero Engine Corporation of ChinaAero Engine Corporation of China
Aerospace CH UAV Co., Ltd
Aerospace Communications Holdings Group Company Limited
Aerosun Corporation
Anhui Greatwall Military Industry Company Limited
Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC)Aviation Industry Corporation of China, Ltd.
AVIC Aviation High-Technology Company Limited
AVIC Heavy Machinery Company Limited
AVIC Jonhon Optronic Technology Co., Ltd.
AVIC Shenyang Aircraft Company Limited
AVIC Xi'An Aircraft Industry Group Company Ltd.
Beijing Zhongguancun Development Investment Center
Changsha Jingjia Microelectronics Company Limited
China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT)China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology
China Aerospace Science and Industry CorporationChina Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation Limited
China Aerospace Science and Technology CorporationChina Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
China Aerospace Times Electronics Co., Ltd
China Avionics Systems Company Limited
China Communications Construction Company (CCCC)China Communications Construction Company Limited
China Communications Construction Group (Limited)
China Construction Technology Co. Ltd. (CCTC)
China Electronics Corporation (CEC)China Electronics Corporation
China Electronics Technology GroupChina Electronics Technology Group Corporation
China General Nuclear Power GroupChina General Nuclear Power Corporation
China International Engineering Consulting Corp. (CIECC)
China Marine Information Electronics Company Limited
China Mobile Communications GroupChina Mobile Communications Group Co., Ltd.
China Mobile LimitedChina Mobile Limited
China National Aviation Holding Co. Ltd. (CNAH)
China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina)
China National Chemical Engineering Group Co., Ltd. (CNCEC)
China National Nuclear CorporationChina National Nuclear Corporation
China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC)China National Offshore Oil Corporation
CNOOC LimitedCNOOC Limited
China North Industries Group Corporation (Norinco)China North Industries Group Corporation Limited
China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Corporation (CNECC)China Nuclear Engineering Corporation Limited
China Railway Construction CorporationChina Railway Construction Corporation Limited
China Satellite Communications Co., Ltd.
China Shipbuilding Industry CorporationChina Shipbuilding Industry Company Limited
China Shipbuilding Industry Group Power Company Limited
China South Industries GroupChina South Industries Group Corporation
China SpacesatChina Spacesat Co., Ltd.
China State Construction Engineering Corporation
China State Shipbuilding CorporationChina State Shipbuilding Corporation Limited
CSSC Offshore & Marine Engineering (Group) Company Limited
China Telecom Corporation LimitedChina Telecom Corporation Limited
China Telecommunications Corporation (China Telecom)China Telecommunications Corporation
China Three Gorges Corporation Limited
China United Network Communications Group (China Unicom)China United Network Communications Group Co., Ltd.
China Unicom (Hong Kong) LimitedChina Unicom (Hong Kong) Limited
Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd. (COMAC)
Costar Group Co., Ltd.
CRRC Corporation
Dawning Information Industry Co. (Sugon)
Fujian Torch Electron Technology Co., Ltd.
Global Tone Communication Technology Co. Ltd. (GTCOM)
GOWIN Semiconductor Corp
Grand China Air Co. Ltd. (GCAC)
Guizhou Space Appliance Co., Ltd
Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology Co., LtdHangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology Co., Ltd.
HuaweiHuawei Investment & Holding Co., Ltd.
Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Inner Mongolia First Machinery Group Co., Ltd.
Inspur GroupInspur Group Co., Ltd.
Jiangxi Hongdu Aviation Industry Co., Ltd.
Luokung Technology Corporation (LKCO)
North Navigation Control Technology Co., Ltd.
Panda Electronics GroupPanda Electronics Group Co., Ltd.
Nanjing Panda Electronics Company Limited
Proven Glory Capital Limited
Proven Honour Capital Limited.
Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC)Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation
Shaanxi Zhongtian Rocket Technology Company Limited
Sinochem Group Co Ltd
Xiaomi Corporation
Zhonghang Electronic Measuring Instruments Company Limited.
Sources: Department of Defense 1, 2, 3, 4, Department of the Treasury 5)Source: June 3 executive order
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