Why Netflix is getting serious about video games

The streaming service could succeed where other entertainment players have failed.

An image of the red Netflix logo on a black background.

Netflix has hired a top Facebook exec to build out its games division.

Image: Netflix

Netflix officially threw its hat in the gaming ring on Wednesday, but the move shouldn't have come as much of a surprise. The company's interest in developing and publishing games has been swirling since at least 2018, when it released the interactive "Black Mirror: Bandersnatch" special. Since then, Netflix has developed several successful series based on popular video games and even launched Stranger Things games for mobile and the PlayStation VR headset.

But news of Netflix's hiring of Oculus VP Mike Verdu, a gaming executive with an impressive track record overseeing mobile game development at companies like Electronic Arts and Zynga, signaled the company was finally serious. We don't know what shape its gaming service will take, but reports peg a launch for 2022 involving a mix of titles Netflix builds itself as well as those from third-party developers, all offered from within the Netflix app.

There's a good reason Netflix wants in on gaming. The attention economy has increasingly organized itself around the most time-consuming and lucrative forms of media in recent years — in other words, video games. With only so many hours in the day and limited ways to monetize that engagement with traditional media, companies are stuck competing for a diminishing amount of ad dollars and subscriber revenue. Games offer a new path.

  • Fortnite, Roblox and the scores of mobile juggernauts each earning multiple billions of dollars per year figured out that the best way to keep people coming back and spending money is to create engaging social spaces and layer digital economies on top. (Or, at the very least, create an addictive loop and give it away for free, monetizing it in other less savory ways.)
  • Traditional TV, structured around milking series and big hits, is ill-equipped to compete with companies actively trying to create a next-generation internet. The metaverse, a "Ready Player One"-style fusion of ecommerce and entertainment, is the stated goal of companies like Fortnite maker Epic and Roblox, and whatever form it takes may make traditional film and TV obsolete.
  • Netflix co-founder Reed Hastings, as early as 2019, cited Fortnite as one of its biggest competitors. "We compete with (and lose to) Fortnite more than HBO," Hastings wrote in that year's shareholder letter.

Netflix needs to diversify its business, and gaming is a great way to do that. Much of Netflix's growth is tied up in subscribers, and the company can't keep adding new paying customers at the same rate forever. Although Netflix saw a boom in subscriptions last year, that growth slowed significantly in the first three months of 2021 as the effects of the pandemic began wearing off.

  • There is a ceiling on the number of people willing to pay a climbing monthly subscription fee, especially given today's overabundance of entertainment services. If Netflix can create an Apple Arcade-style bundle, which Axios earlier this year reported was one potential business plan, the company could make it a complimentary add-on to its existing service and avoid inducing subscription fatigue.
  • Gaming is a good differentiator against other streaming services. Netflix right now competes for attention with video games, YouTube and Twitch, but it still competes for subscribers with the likes of Disney and HBO. Catering to gamers could tilt the scales.
  • Many of Netflix's competitors in TV and film are part of massive conglomerates, all of which have extremely diversified revenue streams across theme parks, telecom subsidiaries and other businesses. Few of those companies with the exception of Sony and Warner Bros. are remotely successful in games.

Netflix has all the ingredients for success. The company changed the way the entertainment industry developed and distributed film and TV, and there's quite a few reasons to believe it could find success in developing and publishing games, too.

  • Netflix built its original content empire on making unorthodox deals with showrunners and filmmakers, offering them more freedom and resources with fewer strings attached compared with traditional studios. As such, it's produced award-winning movies, shows and documentaries, and it's become a trusted and undeniable force in everything from anime to comedy.
  • Netflix's hiring of Verdu is a sign it's more interested in developing mobile hits than big-budget console or PC games. That makes sense. Like Apple with Arcade, Netflix could find success courting small indie developers to make premium games for smartphones while also running in-house development for titles based on its own intellectual property.
  • And Netflix does have a vast well of IP ripe for games. The company is already working with its "Witcher" partner CD Projekt Red on upcoming expansion content for a rerelease of The Witcher 3. It could become more active in developing or producing Witcher spinoff games, as well as games around untapped properties like "The Umbrella Academy," "Narcos" and "Money Heist."

Gaming is a notoriously arcane industry requiring astronomical amounts of money and talent to succeed. Many companies, even those like Amazon and Google with software expertise and vast resources, have failed to replicate the success of even small- to medium-sized developers operating with the experience necessary to navigate the games business. Disney, with Marvel and "Star Wars" at its side, has repeatedly fumbled when trying to translate those media properties into successful games.

It's not certain Netflix will succeed. In fact, it is more likely, given the tech and traditional entertainment industries' track record here, that Netflix will fail. But it is in Netflix's best interest to expand beyond the confines of traditional TV and film if it's to continue growing and maintaining its edge over rivals. It has a mobile app to feature its games, a talent scouting team to find creators to make them and expertise in building big hits out of nothing. Now, it just needs to bring the same ambitions it brought to TV over to gaming. Anything less and Netflix risks letting Fortnite and Roblox win it all.

Workplace

An IPO may soon be in Notion’s future

Notion COO Akshay Kothari says there’s room to grow, aided by a new CFO who knows how to take a company public.

Notion has hired its first chief financial officer: Rama Katkar.

Photo: Courtesy of Notion

It’s been a year since Notion’s triumphant $275 million funding round and $10 billion valuation. Since then the landscape for productivity startups trying to make it on their own has completely changed, especially for those pandemic darlings that flourished in the all-remote world.

As recession looms, companies looking to cut costs are less likely to spend money on tools outside of their Microsoft or Google workplace bundles. Enterprise platforms are bulking up and it could spell trouble for the productivity startups trying to unseat them. But Notion COO Akshay Kothari says the company is still aiming to build the next Microsoft, not be the next Microsoft. And in a move signaling a new chapter of maturity, Notion has hired its first chief financial officer: Rama Katkar, Instacart’s former VP of finance.

Keep Reading Show less
Lizzy Lawrence

Lizzy Lawrence ( @LizzyLaw_) is a reporter at Protocol, covering tools and productivity in the workplace. She's a recent graduate of the University of Michigan, where she studied sociology and international studies. She served as editor in chief of The Michigan Daily, her school's independent newspaper. She's based in D.C., and can be reached at llawrence@protocol.com.

Sponsored Content

Great products are built on strong patents

Experts say robust intellectual property protection is essential to ensure the long-term R&D required to innovate and maintain America's technology leadership.

Every great tech product that you rely on each day, from the smartphone in your pocket to your music streaming service and navigational system in the car, shares one important thing: part of its innovative design is protected by intellectual property (IP) laws.

From 5G to artificial intelligence, IP protection offers a powerful incentive for researchers to create ground-breaking products, and governmental leaders say its protection is an essential part of maintaining US technology leadership. To quote Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo: "intellectual property protection is vital for American innovation and entrepreneurship.”

Keep Reading Show less
James Daly
James Daly has a deep knowledge of creating brand voice identity, including understanding various audiences and targeting messaging accordingly. He enjoys commissioning, editing, writing, and business development, particularly in launching new ventures and building passionate audiences. Daly has led teams large and small to multiple awards and quantifiable success through a strategy built on teamwork, passion, fact-checking, intelligence, analytics, and audience growth while meeting budget goals and production deadlines in fast-paced environments. Daly is the Editorial Director of 2030 Media and a contributor at Wired.
Securing the Enterprise

Securing the enterprise

There’s no let-up in the surge of cyberattacks against businesses. But shutting down the hackers will require many enterprises to evolve their strategy.

In today’s enterprise, “identity and security are very merged.”

Illustration: iStock/Getty Images Plus; Protocol
the Protocol team
Protocol focuses on the people, power and politics of tech, with no agenda and just one goal: to arm decision-makers in tech, business and public policy with the unbiased, fact-based news and analysis they need to navigate a world in rapid change.
Fintech

How neobanks are helping consumers game credit scoring

The CFPB says it is closely monitoring secured credit cards offered by neobanks.

Regulators are scrutinizing neobanks' card offerings.

Photo: Oscar Wong/Moment/Getty Images

About one in six Americans has a credit score below 619, according to the CFPB. Another 23% have too thin a credit file to score or no file at all. That puts them in a credit trap: To build credit, these consumers need someone to give them a line of credit with which they can demonstrate good financial habits. But with scores that low, few lenders are prepared to offer them anything.

Neobanks say they can solve the problem through a new twist on secured credit cards. But regulators are already scrutinizing their offerings.

Keep Reading Show less
Veronica Irwin

Veronica Irwin (@vronirwin) is a San Francisco-based reporter at Protocol covering fintech. Previously she was at the San Francisco Examiner, covering tech from a hyper-local angle. Before that, her byline was featured in SF Weekly, The Nation, Techworker, Ms. Magazine and The Frisc.

Policy

Steel decided World War II. Chips will decide whatever is next.

“Chip War: The Fight for the World’s Most Critical Technology” foreshadows the coming battle between nations over semiconductors.

“Chip War” outlines the nature of the coming battle over semiconductors, showing how the power to produce leading-edge chips fell into the hands of just five companies.

Image: Scribner; Protocol

“World War II was decided by steel and aluminum, and followed shortly thereafter by the Cold War, which was defined by atomic weapons,” Chris Miller, a professor at Tufts University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, writes in the introduction to his latest book. So what’s next? According to Miller, the next era, including the rivalry between the U.S. and China, is all about computing power.

That tech rivalry and the story of how the chip industry got from four to 11.8 billion transistors are all part of Miller’s book, “Chip War: The Fight for the World’s Most Critical Technology,” which comes out Oct. 4. “Chip War” outlines the nature of the coming battle over semiconductors, showing how the power to produce leading-edge chips fell into the hands of just five companies: three from the U.S., one from Japan, and one from the Netherlands.

Keep Reading Show less
Hirsh Chitkara

Hirsh Chitkara ( @HirshChitkara) is a reporter at Protocol focused on the intersection of politics, technology and society. Before joining Protocol, he helped write a daily newsletter at Insider that covered all things Big Tech. He's based in New York and can be reached at hchitkara@protocol.com.

Latest Stories
Bulletins