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Your next office desk is your current desk, but in VR

Plus, leather-bound iPads, blocking virtual avatars, quiet drones, helpful smart assistants and other patents.

A desk with a bunch of office supplies on it

Google imagines a future where we could visualize that we're at the office, sitting at our regular desks, wherever we are.

Photo: Fred Kloet/Unsplash

It took about eight weeks of lockdown, but it seems the quarantine is finally starting to have an effect on the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. There were surprisingly few patents awarded to big tech this week, but there are still some gems on the list. Google is overly concerned about a VR future we definitely aren't in yet; Apple wants to make devices out of leather; Facebook is fine-tuning AR glasses; and Microsoft just wants to help us organize meetings. As if we have anywhere to go right now.

And remember: The big tech companies file all kinds of crazy patents for things, and though most never amount to anything, some end up defining the future.

Alphabet

VR globes

If you've read Neal Stephenson's "Snow Crash" (which, if not, you absolutely should), you'll know that characters can use a little globe to navigate in their VR world and see what's going on in the real one. A new patent from Google has a similar purpose — which may have been inspired by Stephenson in the first place. It shows a small globe that could be overlaid on the virtual world to help users navigate around. You'd pick up a little Pegman, move him from wherever you are, and drop in on São Paulo or Kyoto or wherever you want to go.

Our virtual office future

This Google patent discusses how a VR system can make sure that when a user's hands cross over, they don't mess up the virtual interface. But what's more interesting here is that Google is showing a VR office setup in its patent diagrams, complete with a virtual keyboard and desktop display in front of you. The user would wear a headset that could project a virtual keyboard and a screen in front of them. It would mean that in the future, we could visualize that we're at the office, sitting at our regular desks, wherever we are. And that's especially prescient, given that many office workers still don't know when they're going to get back into the real-life office.

Overriding avatars

Google has another idea for a VR reality that isn't really here yet, but would probably come in handy in the future that "Ready Player One" envisions. The patent outlines a way to override another VR user's avatar if you don't like it. If a user is put off by someone else's avatar — as the patent puts it, "the particular user may experience negative psychological effects upon participating in the conventional virtual environment" — they could change it to something more pleasing to them. The patent outlines a scenario — that might be more useful to younger gamers — in which a user with a skull for an avatar approaches a player who decides to change what they see to an adorable bunny. Far less intimidating, and the skull-bunny user would be none the wiser.

A bloody good patent

This patent is about figuring out when words are used in specific contexts and whether they would be deemed offensive. The entire patent's argument seems to rest on the words "bloody" — which can obviously mean something covered in blood, or be used as an extremely mild expletive in the U.K. — and shag, which no one since Austin Powers has used to mean anything other than a type of outdated carpet. But Google has apparently put AI research time into making sure no one from London circa 1962 is offended online in 2020.

Amazon

Which way is up?

A weird problem I constantly have: When I take landscape photos, my phone randomly stores half of them in portrait. This is especially annoying when I'm trying to upload shots of my amazing cooking to the internet for praise, and I've often wondered to myself when selecting photos why the smartphone doesn't know which way is up. Apparently, this is something Amazon is thinking about, too: In this patent, it outlines an algorithm that can interpret what's in an image, figure out where the vanishing points are for the objects it recognizes, and reorient the picture automatically if need be when it's uploaded to the web.

Quieter drone motors

The idea of drones delivering us things whenever we need them — like during a pandemic! — is still pretty rare, but hopefully when drones do start dropping packages off at more people's front doors, we won't hear them coming from miles away. Almost all drones made today sound like an angry swarm of bees when they're flying by, but Amazon's new patent suggests a new way to align the magnets in their motors that would potentially dampen or alter the sound. That would be useful, but we don't want to go too far the other way and have these things being silent — can you imagine a drone creeping up behind you with that hot coffee you ordered?

Apple

Leather-clad devices

If Apple devices don't feel luxurious enough for you already, what if they were bound in leather? As this patent so eloquently puts it: "Leather tends to be soft to the touch and pleasing to the eye, making it an ideal material for carrying or covering electronic equipment." Apple is apparently considering making peripherals or other devices covered in leather that could be flexible and still emit light, like perhaps a backlit iPad Pro keyboard, but made out of supple tanned cow skin. I can see the collaboration with Hermès now: a new light-up iPhone case can be yours for the low price of $1,795.

Flexible batteries

Like every other electronics manufacturer out there, Apple is likely working on flexible-display devices. While existing foldable devices have largely been a bust so far, a future device that also had bendable batteries could go a long way to making something truly flexible. Right now, devices generally have plastic screens that fold or roll out along a single point (making them more likely to break at that point), while housing the battery in a part that doesn't bend. As the patent implies, perhaps in a distant future, we'll be able to unfurl our iPhones like we used to do with the morning paper.

Facebook

Show your face, digitally

When we're all working from home during the next pandemic, strapped into our VR headsets for 3D Zoom calls, how will our co-workers know when we're reacting to their funny jokes? Well, if Facebook has anything to do with it, it'll be because we're wearing advanced headsets that can gauge our facial expressions. A patent this week outlines a system of electrodes inside a VR headset that can interpret a person's facial movements as expressions, including, as the patent puts its, "a humorous expression by sticking out their tongue." I wouldn't encourage licking your headset, though.

Facebook also won another patent this week to similarly track people's expressions using sensors like cameras, mounted on the bottom of a headset.

Blocking out the haters (and everything else)

Noise-canceling wireless earbuds are all the rage these days, but if you don't want to physically block out your ears, there aren't many options out there that will actually work. Facebook is apparently thinking of particular situations where you'd have on augmented-reality glasses that wouldn't work well with noise-canceling headphones. The sound emitters in these theoretical glasses would be tuned to block out as much external noise as possible, while not blocking the wearer off from the world or blasting what they're hearing out to everyone around them. Also, check out this truly stunning piece of artwork that was submitted as part of the patent application:


Microsoft

Taking a good idea from Apple's playbook

Microsoft may have kickstarted the hybrid tablet market with the launch of the Surface, but Apple's iPad Pro has one trick that Redmond seems interested in copying. The last-generation iPad Pro introduced a stylus that magnetically attaches to the body of the tablet and wirelessly charges through a small electromagnetic coil embedded into the side of the device. Microsoft's new patent suggests it's thinking of doing similarly for the upcoming Surface Neo device. Because if your tablet doesn't have a way of affixing the stylus to the device, there's a nonzero chance that you'll lose it within 5 minutes of buying it. Not that I'm speaking from experience.


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Making calendar invites that much easier

The worst part of trying to set up any meeting is the scramble to find a time that works for everyone. Invariably, one important person can't make it, and then you've got to go around to everyone again begging for another time that works. Microsoft has a thought about a better way: integrating a poll function into calendar invites so everyone can see what times work for everyone else. It's so simple and perfect that it's amazing there isn't already something like this built into major email clients.

Virtual assistants that are actually helpful

Companies that make virtual assistants (I'm looking at you, Amazon) love to tout how many "skills" their systems have, but actually discovering new ones and finding out how to call on them is easier said than done. Microsoft's new patent wants to lessen the auditory hoops you have to jump through. For example, instead of a user having to know whether Alexa has partnerships with Seamless, Uber Eats or Postmates, they could just say, "Please order food for delivery," and the assistant would ask them which service they'd like to use. Assuming they already had an account on file, the user and assistant could carry on their conversation about what they actually want to eat, instead of going through a labyrinth of audible menus and app stores to figure out how to enable the Uber Eats skill to order a burrito. And if you're hungry, the last thing you want is unnecessary steps between you and a burrito.

Microsoft wants to replace artists with AI

Better Zoom calls, simpler email attachments, smart iPhone cases and other patents from Big Tech.

Turning your stories into images.

Image: USPTO/Microsoft

Hello and welcome to 2021! The Big Tech patent roundup is back, after a short vacation and … all the things … that happened between the start of the year and now. It seems the tradition of tech companies filing weird and wonderful patents has carried into the new year; there are some real gems from the last few weeks. Microsoft is trying to outsource all creative endeavors to AI; Apple wants to make seat belts less annoying; and Amazon wants to cut down on some of the recyclable waste that its own success has inevitably created.

And remember: The big tech companies file all kinds of crazy patents for things, and though most never amount to anything, some end up defining the future.

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Mike Murphy

Mike Murphy ( @mcwm) is the director of special projects at Protocol, focusing on the industries being rapidly upended by technology and the companies disrupting incumbents. Previously, Mike was the technology editor at Quartz, where he frequently wrote on robotics, artificial intelligence, and consumer electronics.

People

Google's union has big goals — and big roadblocks

Absence of dues, retaliation fears and small numbers could pose problems for the union's dream of collective bargaining, but Googlers are undeterred.

Recruiting union members beyond the early adopters has had its challenges.

Photo: David Paul Morris/Getty Images

When the Alphabet Workers Union launched with more than 200 Googlers at the beginning of the year, it saw a quick flood of new sign-ups, nearly quadrupling membership over a few weeks. But even with the more than 710 members it now represents, the union still stands for just a tiny fraction of Google's more than 200,000 North American employees and contractors. The broader Alphabet workforce could prove difficult to win over, which is a hurdle that could stand in the way of the group's long-term ambitions for substantive culture change and even collective bargaining.

The initial boom of interest from Googlers was thrilling for Alex Peterson, a software engineer and union spokesperson. "It's really reinvigorating what it means to actually be a community of Googlers, which is something that's been eroding over the past four or five years, or even longer."

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Anna Kramer

Anna Kramer is a reporter at Protocol (@ anna_c_kramer), where she helps write and produce Source Code, Protocol's daily newsletter. Prior to joining the team, she covered tech and small business for the San Francisco Chronicle and privacy for Bloomberg Law. She is a recent graduate of Brown University, where she studied International Relations and Arabic and wrote her senior thesis about surveillance tools and technological development in the Middle East.

Politics

Facebook’s Oversight Board won’t save it from the Trump ban backlash

The Board's decision on whether to reinstate Trump could set a new precedent for Facebook. But does the average user care what the Board has to say?

A person holds a sign during a Free Speech Rally against tech companies, on Jan. 20 in California.

Photo: Valerie Macon/Getty Images

Two weeks after Facebook suspended former President Donald Trump's account indefinitely, Facebook answered a chorus of calls and referred the case to its newly created Oversight Board for review. Now, the board has 90 days to make a call as to whether Trump stays or goes permanently. The board's decision — and more specifically, how and why it arrives at that decision — could have consequences not only for other global leaders on Facebook, but for the future of the Board itself.

Facebook created its Oversight Board for such a time as this — a time when it would face a controversial content moderation decision and might need a gut check. Or a fall guy. There could be no decision more controversial than the one Facebook made on Jan. 7, when it decided to muzzle one of the most powerful people in the world with weeks remaining in his presidency. It stands to reason, then, that Facebook would tap in its newly anointed refs on the Oversight Board both to earnestly review the call and to put a little distance between Facebook and the decision.

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Issie Lapowsky
Issie Lapowsky (@issielapowsky) is a senior reporter at Protocol, covering the intersection of technology, politics, and national affairs. Previously, she was a senior writer at Wired, where she covered the 2016 election and the Facebook beat in its aftermath. Prior to that, Issie worked as a staff writer for Inc. magazine, writing about small business and entrepreneurship. She has also worked as an on-air contributor for CBS News and taught a graduate-level course at New York University’s Center for Publishing on how tech giants have affected publishing. Email Issie.

Big Tech gets a win from Biden’s sweeping immigration actions

Tim Cook and Sundar Pichai praised President Biden's immigration actions, which read like a tech industry wishlist.

Newly-inaugurated President Joe Biden signed two immigration-related executive orders on Wednesday.

Photo: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

Immediately after being sworn in as president Wednesday, Joe Biden signed two pro-immigration executive orders and delivered an immigration bill to Congress that reads like a tech industry wishlist. The move drew enthusiastic praise from tech leaders, including Apple CEO Tim Cook and Alphabet CEO Sundar Pichai.

President Biden nullified several of former-President Trump's most hawkish immigration policies. His executive orders reversed the so-called "Muslim ban" and instructed the attorney general and the secretary of Homeland Security to preserve the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, program, which the Trump administration had sought to end. He also sent an expansive immigration reform bill to Congress that would provide a pathway to citizenship for undocumented individuals and make it easier for foreign U.S. graduates with STEM degrees to stay in the United States, among other provisions.

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Emily Birnbaum

Emily Birnbaum ( @birnbaum_e) is a tech policy reporter with Protocol. Her coverage focuses on the U.S. government's attempts to regulate one of the most powerful industries in the world, with a focus on antitrust, privacy and politics. Previously, she worked as a tech policy reporter with The Hill after spending several months as a breaking news reporter. She is a Bethesda, Maryland native and proud Kenyon College alumna.

Politics

This is the future of the FTC

President Joe Biden has named Becca Slaughter acting chair of the FTC. In conversation with Protocol, she laid out her priorities for the next four years.

FTC commissioner Becca Slaughter may be President Biden's pick for FTC chair.

Photo: David Becker/Getty Images

Becca Slaughter made a name for herself last year when, as a commissioner for the Federal Trade Commission, she breastfed her newborn baby during video testimony before the Senate, raising awareness about the plight of working parents during the pandemic.

But on Thursday, Slaughter's name began circulating for other reasons: She was just named as President Joe Biden's pick for acting chair of the FTC, an appointment that puts Slaughter at the head of antitrust investigations into tech giants, including Facebook.

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Issie Lapowsky
Issie Lapowsky (@issielapowsky) is a senior reporter at Protocol, covering the intersection of technology, politics, and national affairs. Previously, she was a senior writer at Wired, where she covered the 2016 election and the Facebook beat in its aftermath. Prior to that, Issie worked as a staff writer for Inc. magazine, writing about small business and entrepreneurship. She has also worked as an on-air contributor for CBS News and taught a graduate-level course at New York University’s Center for Publishing on how tech giants have affected publishing. Email Issie.
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